Terminologie A-M


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |

A 
Acquisition LogisticsA multifunctional technical management discipline associated with design, development, testing, production, fielding, sustainment, and improvement modifications of cost-effective systems that achieve the user's peacetime and wartime readiness requirements.
Active TimeSee Time, Active.
ActorAn active element/entity in a system e.g. organizations, departments, individuals, etc., necessary for the carrying out of activities.
Actor, PrimeThe first activity block (directly) related to an installation (in an Activity Diagram of AMICO).
Actual dataData recorded in practice (during operations) concerning performances and costs with regard to the baseline data.
Asset ManagementA management approach to manage all processes (specify, design, produce, maintain and dispose) needed to achieve a capital asset capable to meet the operational need in the most effective way for the customer/user.
Asset Management ControlA management approach to manage and control, over the life cycle, all processes (specify, design, produce, maintain and dispose) needed to achieve a capital asset capable to meet the operational need in the most effective way for the customer/user.
Asset, capitalA high-cost technical system which is capable of meeting operational requirements.
AttributeAn important property or characteristic of an entity [Davis, 1985]. The property or discernible manifestation of the elements of a system. These attributes characterize the system.
Availability KillerAn installation or component which performs below the specified performance (baseline data).
Availability, logistic (Al)

The probability (%) that an item of equipment is in an operable and committable state, without unsettled repairs, when called for at an unknown (random) time. In equation: (active time - down time)/active time.

Availability, operational (Ao)

The measure of the degree to which an object or item is in an operable and committable state when called for at an unknown (random) time.

B 
Baseline dataData to qualify and quantify the objectives by goal setting, policy determination planning and budget estimation.
Basic ActivityA Product/Actor combination.
Basic functionAn elementary function representing the functional quality of an Installation Diagram.

C 
Capability logistic (Cl)A measure (%) of the extent to which the installation is qualitatively capable of meeting the requirements (e.g. the radar accuracy to mark a specified object at 20 n.m.).
CapabilityThe measure of the extent to which a (sub)-system meets its specified operational requirements during use.
ComponentThe operating part of a system/installation consisting of input, process and output. Each system component may assume a variety of values to describe a system state as set by some control action and one or more restrictions.
Concurrent EngineeringA systematic approach to creating a product design that simultaneously considers all elements of the product life cycle from conception through to disposal, taking into consideration manufacturing processes, transportation processes, maintenance processes, and so on.
Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle Support (CALS)The application of computerized technology to the entire spectrum of logistics. Of particular emphasis in recent years is the development and processing of data, primarily in a digital format, with the objectives of reducing preparation and processing times, eliminating redundancies, shortening the system acquisition process, and reducing overall program costs.
Control (Management)A compilation of management activities, including the efficient use of control instruments, to ensure that the results meet the objectives in a cost-effective manner.
Cost DriverAn installation or component whose actual costs are higher than the budgeted/estimated costs (baseline data).
Cost EffectivenessThe value received for the resources expended, the ratio of cost to (system) effectiveness [Juran, 1988]. Relation of the System Effectiveness (or mission fulfillment) to Total Life Cycle Cost.
Cost, fixedInvestment cost with a depreciation period of over more than one Year-Period (e.g. acquisition cost, modification cost, spare part investments, etc.).
Cost, variableDirect cost with the total depreciation within one Year-Period (e.g. maintenance cost, test & evaluation cost, management cost, etc.).
Customer satisfactionThe ultimate goal in the Total Quality Management method. It is achieved by providing customers/users with products and services that consistently meet their needs and expectations.

D 
Dependability (logistic)The measure of the system condition in Active Time.
Dependability (operational)The measure of the system condition given its availability when required for use.
Down Time (logistic)That element of Active Time during which a system/installation is in partial or complete malfunction due to a component that is not in a condition to perform its required functions because of a failure and corrective maintenance.
Down Time (operational)That element of Active Time during which a system/installation is in complete malfunction due to a component that is not in a condition to perform its required functions because of a failure and/or corrective maintenance.

E 
EntityAn object (element, component) of which data (attributes) are recorded.

F 
Failure RateA numeric value that predicts the number of failures of an item (installation, component) that will occur during a specified period of operation.
Figure Of Merit (FOM)Qualitative or quantitative measurement which enables characteristics attributes, outputs and outcomes of products, processes or systems to be graded.
FunctionA specific or discrete action (or series of actions) that is necessary to achieve a given objective (see also operational, technical and basic function).
Functional AnalysisThe iterative process of breaking down, or decomposing, the functional requirements from the system level to the subsystem level and as far down the hierarchical structure as is necessary to identify specific resources and components of the system. The result represents a definition of the system in functional terms and includes system design functions, production functions, maintenance support functions, disposal functions and so on.
Functional PackageA physical component of a technical system.

G 
Government GovernanceAn approach to guarantee the constitution of direct, control, audit and account to provide cost-effective realization of corporate objectives and clear communication about responsibilities within governmental organizations.

H 
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I 
InstallationA set of devices (system/equipment components) which supports one or more (technical) basic functions as independently as possible and with a minimum of interactive effects on other installations.
Installation DiagramAn installation block diagram representing the installation relationships and impact to each other with respect to a basic function.
Installation PerformanceThe probability (%) that an installation can successfully meet an operational demand within a given time when operated under specific conditions.
Integrated Logistics Support (ILS)A disciplined, unified, and iterative approach to the management and technical activities necessary to: integrate support considerations into system and equipment design; develop support requirements that are related consistently to readiness objectives, to design and to each other; acquire the required support and provide the required support during the operational phase at minimum cost.

J 
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K 
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L 
LCM-systemsA systematic management control approach with regard to capital assets, the logistics process needed seen over the asset life cycle. 
Learning Organization (LO)An organization skilled at creating, acquiring and transferring knowledge and at modifying its behavior to reflect new knowledge and insights.
Life cycle / Lifetime (of an Asset/System)The period extending from inception of development activities, based on an identified need or objective, through to decommissioning and disposal of the asset/system.
Life Cycle Analysis (LCA)A method for analyzing the environmental impact along the product chain. (this method is being adopted by the International Standardization Organization, documented in four standards).
Life Cycle Cost (LCC)The total costs, both direct and indirect that occur due to ownership of an object.
Life Cycle Cost Management (LCCM)A management method focusing on cost targets which are related to LCC estimations of an asset.
Life Cycle Management (LCM)An asset management approach to manage a capital asset, seen as a (complex) system, by functions, with the aim of achieving the required system effectiveness for the estimated (minimum) costs throughout the asset life cycle.
LogisticsThe aspect of military science dealing with the procurement, maintenance and transportation of military material, facilities, and personnel.
Logistics (material)An organizational system which includes all the necessary processes/activities for providing the system functionality to fulfill an operational need.
Logistics ProgramThe Logistics Program contains all data and information necessary for the management of the logistics process in a cost-effective way. It includes the asset requirements, the system structure, logistic plans and cost estimations/budgets.
Logistics SupportContains all the activities necessary for managing the logistic processes in relation to the performance of a specific object in a cost-effective way.
Logistics Support Analysis (LSA)A coordinated approach to meet the ILS challenge with a controlled analysis process and a logical and flexible progression of events, depending on program specifics.
Logistics Support Analysis Record (LSAR)A standard data base which permits orderly and cost-effective input, storage, and retrieval of LSA and LSA-related information.

M 
MaintainabilityThe probability that a failed item can be repaired within a specific time period using a specified set of resources.
Maintenance EngineeringProvides a maintenance plan to optimize the cost effectiveness by focusing on the reliability, availability and maintainability of an object.
Management ControlSee Control.
Material LogisticsSee Logistics.
MethodA specific, well-developed and -described procedure to support specific business activities or processes.

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